xlog Module

Elena-Ramona Modroiu


Edited by

Elena-Ramona Modroiu

Revision History
Revision $Revision: 4594 $$Date: 2008-08-06 12:08:33 +0200 (Wed, 06 Aug 2008) $

Table of Contents

1. Admin Guide
1.1. Overview
1.2. Implemented Specifiers
1.3. Dependencies
1.3.1. Kamailio Modules
1.3.2. External Libraries or Applications
1.4. Exported Parameters
1.4.1. buf_size (integer)
1.4.2. force_color (integer)
1.5. Exported Functions
1.5.1. xlog([level,] format)
1.5.2. xdbg(format)

List of Examples

1.1. Set buf_size parameter
1.2. Set force_color parameter
1.3. xlog usage
1.4. xdbg usage

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

1.1. Overview

This module provides the possibility to print user formatted log or debug messages from Kamailio scripts, similar to printf function. A C-style printf specifier is replaced with a part of the SIP request or other variables from system. Section 1.2, “Implemented Specifiers” shows what can be printed out.

1.2. Implemented Specifiers

In the xlog function, you use pseudo-variables, that are a part of Kamailio core and are used by other modules as well (e.g., avpops in the function avp_printf())

The most important changes from earlier versions of Kamailio are:

  • - '%' has been replaced by '$'

  • - to print a header, use now $hdr(header_name[index]) instead of %{header_name[index]}

  • - to print an AVP, use now $avp([si]:avp_id[index]) instead of %{[si]:avp_id[index]} or $avp([$avp_alias[index]) instead of %{[$avp_alias[index]}

The full list of available pseudo-variables in Kamailio is available at: http://kamailio.org/dokuwiki/

1.3. Dependencies

1.3.1. Kamailio Modules

The following modules must be loaded before this module:

  • No dependencies on other Kamailio modules.

1.3.2. External Libraries or Applications

The following libraries or applications must be installed before running Kamailio with this module loaded:

  • None.

1.4. Exported Parameters

1.4.1. buf_size (integer)

Maximum size of the log message.

Default value is 4096.

Example 1.1. Set buf_size parameter

modparam("xlog", "buf_size", 8192)

1.4.2. force_color (integer)

When set to 1, forces color printing even if log_stderror=0.

Default value is 0.

Example 1.2. Set force_color parameter

modparam("xlog", "force_color", 0)

1.5. Exported Functions

1.5.1.  xlog([level,] format)

Print a formated message using LOG function.

Meaning of the parameters are as follows:

  • level - The level that will be used in LOG function. It can be:

    • L_ALERT - log level -3

    • L_CRIT - log level -2

    • L_ERR - log level -1

    • L_WARN - log level 1

    • L_NOTICE - log level 2

    • L_INFO - log level 3

    • L_DBG - log level 4

    • $pv - any valid pseudo-variable, that has an integer value. See above options for valid log levels.

    If it is not a pseudo-variable, then what really matters is the third letter of the value. If the log level is higher than the “debug” global parameter, the message is not printed to syslog.

    If this parameter is missing, the implicit log level is 'L_ERR'.

  • format - The formatted string to be printed.


Example 1.3. xlog usage

xlog("L_ERR", "time [$Tf] method ($rm) r-uri ($ru) 2nd via ($hdr(via[1]))\n");
xlog("time [$Tf] method ($rm) r-uri ($ru) 2nd via ($hdr(via[1]))\n");
$var(loglevel) = 2;
xlog("$var(loglevel)", "time [$Tf] method ($rm) r-uri ($ru)\n");

1.5.2.  xdbg(format)

Print a formatted message using DBG function.

Meaning of the parameters is as follows:

  • format - The formatted string to be printed.


Example 1.4. xdbg usage

xdbg("time $Cbx[$Tf]$Cxx method ($rm) r-uri ($ru)\n");