pdt Module

Elena-Ramona Modroiu


Edited by

Elena-Ramona Modroiu

Table of Contents

1. Admin Guide
1. Overview
2. Dependencies
2.1. Kamailio Modules
2.2. External Libraries or Applications
3. Parameters
3.1. db_url (string)
3.2. db_table (string)
3.3. sdomain_column (string)
3.4. prefix_column (string)
3.5. domain_column (string)
3.6. prefix (string)
3.7. fetch_rows (integer)
3.8. char_list (string)
3.9. check_domain (integer)
4. Functions
4.1. prefix2domain(rewrite_mode, multidomain_mode)
4.2. prefix2domain(rewrite_mode)
4.3. prefix2domain()
5. MI Commands
5.1. pdt_list
5.2. pdt_reload
6. Installation and Running

List of Examples

1.1. prefix-domain translation
1.2. Set db_url parameter
1.3. Set db_table parameter
1.4. Set sdomain_column parameter
1.5. Set prefix_column parameter
1.6. Set domain_column parameter
1.7. Set prefix parameter
1.8. Set fetch_rows parameter
1.9. Set char_list parameter
1.10. Set check_domain parameter
1.11. prefix2domain usage

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

1. Overview

This module translates a numerical prefix into a domain and updates accordingly the request URI.

The module looks up at the R-URI part of a message and if the user part begins with an established prefix it will update the URI. Updating the uri consists of: remove the prefix from the user part of the uri and keep the rest as the user part of the new uri. The host and port are changed with the domain matched for the leading prefix and the domain in From URI.

<prefix><userid><:password>@<mydomain.com> ...

and the result will be:


Example 1.1. prefix-domain translation

prefix=123, domain(FROM)=siphub.org

entry in database:
The RURI will be updated in the following way"
sip:12391001@mydomain.com  => sip:91001@alpha.org

The prefix could be prefixed by other digits. These digits will not be used to look up the domain (the classic example, 00 used for international calls, then follows the country prefix). For more information on this, see 'prefix' parameter.

  • A sample config file is located in './doc/'.

  • MySQL script to create the database needed by PDT is located in '../../scripts/mysql/pdt-create.sql'

    The database is loaded by Kamailio only at start up time and only cache is used to lookup domains. Check the MI Functions for adding/deleting prefix-domain pairs or reloading from database at runtime.

  • Sample shell scripts to manage prefix-domain pairs are also located in './doc/' (pdt_fifo_list.sh).

2. Dependencies

2.1. Kamailio Modules

The following modules must be loaded before this module:

  • A Kamailio database module (e.g., mysql, dbtext).

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

The following libraries or applications must be installed before running Kamailio with this module loaded:

  • None.

3. Parameters

3.1. db_url (string)

URL of the database table to be used.

Default value is mysql://openser:openserrw@localhost/openser.

Example 1.2. Set db_url parameter

modparam("pdt", "db_url", "dbdriver://username:password@dbhost/dbname")

3.2. db_table (string)

Table name.

Default value is pdt.

Example 1.3. Set db_table parameter

modparam("pdt", "db_table", "pdt")

3.3. sdomain_column (string)

Name of 'sdomain' column.

Default value is sdomain.

Example 1.4. Set sdomain_column parameter

modparam("pdt", "domain_column", "source_domain")

3.4. prefix_column (string)

Name of 'prefix' column.

Default value is prefix.

Example 1.5. Set prefix_column parameter

modparam("pdt", "prefix_column", "prefix")

3.5. domain_column (string)

Name of 'domain' column.

Default value is domain.

Example 1.6. Set domain_column parameter

modparam("pdt", "domain_column", "hostname")

3.6. prefix (string)

Default leading prefix who denotes what URI needs to be translated - if it is NULL the module will not check the R-URI against it and the PDT prefix is considered starting from the first digit. Otherwise, the module will check first if the R-URI starts with it and will skip it to look up the domain.

Default value is NULL.

Example 1.7. Set prefix parameter

modparam("pdt", "prefix", "00")

3.7. fetch_rows (integer)

Number of rows to be loaded in one step from database.

Default value is 1000.

Example 1.8. Set fetch_rows parameter

modparam("pdt", "fetch_rows", 4000)

3.8. char_list (string)

The list with characters allowed in prefix.

Default value is 0123456789.

Example 1.9. Set char_list parameter

modparam("pdt", "char_list", "0123456789*+")

3.9. check_domain (integer)

Module will check if destination domain is duplicated for same source domain (1 - check; 0 - don't check).

Default value is 1.

Example 1.10. Set check_domain parameter

modparam("pdt", "check_domain", 0)

4. Functions

4.1.  prefix2domain(rewrite_mode, multidomain_mode)

Build a new URI if it is necessary. Returns 1 when the translation was made or there was nothing to translate (user part of the URI is empty, it does not match the prefix parameter or there is no domain associated with a possible prefix from user part). Returns -1 in error cases.

The translation is done based on lookup up for a entry in the database where the sdomain equals the domain in FROM uri, and the prefix matches the beginning of the user part of the RURI. If such an entry is found, then the domain in RURI is updated with the domain of this entry (sdomain, prefix, domain).

There is also the possibility to have the translation of URI regardless of source domain. This can be achieved inserting in the database entries where sdomain has the value "*".

The rewrite_mode parameter specifies whether to strip or not the prefix from user part. The possible values are:

  • 0: the prefix is removed along with the leading prefix.

  • 1: only the leading prefix is removed.

  • 2: the user part of the URI is not changed.

  • $PV : any PV holding one of the above values.

The multidomain_mode parameter specifies the kind of multidomain support to use. The possible values are:

  • 0 : Translation of URI regardless of source domain.

  • 1 : Translation of URI using as source domain the domain in From-URI.

  • 2 : Translation of URI using as source domain the domain in From-URI. In case there is no entry for the required sdomain, it tries the translation using "*" as sdomain.

  • $PV : any PV holding one of the above values.

This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE, FAILURE_ROUTE.

Example 1.11. prefix2domain usage

prefix2domain("2", "2");
$var(a) = 1;
prefix2domain("$var(a)", "2");

4.2.  prefix2domain(rewrite_mode)

The same as prefix2domain(rewrite_mode, "0"), that is without multidomain support, translation of URI being done regardless of the source domain.


4.3.  prefix2domain()

The same as prefix2domain("0", "0").


5. MI Commands

The database is loaded by Kamailio at start up time. The module uses only the cache to look up domains. If you want to add or delete a new prefix-domain pair at runtime you have to use MI FIFO commands. All changes made via these commands are applied to database and the cache is updated correspondingly.

5.1.  pdt_list

Produces a listing of the entries prefixes/domains/sdomains.

Name: pdt_list


  • _sdomain_ : a source domain value.

  • _prefix_ : a prefix value

  • _domain_: a domain value

"." (dot) means NULL value

The comparison operation is 'START WITH' -- if domain is 'a' then all domains starting with 'a' are listed.

MI FIFO Command Format:



  • pdt_list siph 2 . : Lists the entries where sdomain is starting with 'siph', prefix is starting with '2' and domain is anything

  • pdt_list siph 2 : Lists the entries where sdomain is starting with 'siph', prefix is starting with '2' and domain is anything

  • pdt_list . 2 open : Lists the entries where sdomain is anything, prefix starts with '2' and domain starts with 'open'.

5.2.  pdt_reload

Reload all sdomain-prefix-domain records from database.

Name: pdt_reload


  • none

MI FIFO Command Format:


6. Installation and Running

Example shell scripts for MI FIFO commands are placed in './doc/' (pdt_fifo_add.sh, pdt_fifo_delete.sh, pdt_fifo_list.sh).