GZCompress Module

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

Edited by

Daniel-Constantin Mierla

Table of Contents

1. Admin Guide
1. Overview
2. Dependencies
2.1. Kamailio Modules
2.2. External Libraries or Applications
3. Parameters
3.1. header_name (str)
3.2. header_value (str)
3.3. sanity_checks (integer)
4. Functions
5. Config File

List of Examples

1.1. Set header_name parameter
1.2. Set header_value parameter
1.3. Set sanity_checks parameter
1.4. Enable body compression

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

1. Overview

This module is able to detect compressed body in received SIP message and decompress it as well as compress the body for outgoing SIP message. It works also for received HTTP request and replied HTTP response (Kamailio cannot work in HTTP proxy mode).

The decision of whether to do compression or decompression is made by detecting a special SIP header (default 'Content-Encoding') that matches a given value - both header name and value can be set via module parameters. If a SIP message is received with clear body and you want to compress the body for outgoing, add the header in config file. The header can be added to the local generated replies as well.

In other words, if the header is present in incoming SIP message, its body is decompressed. If the header is present in outgoing SIP message, its body is compressed. Therefore inside configuration file, the body is in original format(e.g., plain text). In this way, the existing functions to handle content of the body work as usual (e.g., to strip codecs in sdp via sdpops or do substitutions via textops).

The functions used to compress and decompress are from zlib library (http://zlib.net).

NOTE: for the moment the module cannot be used with topoh module, overlapping in core event callbacks (will be fixed soon).

The immediate benefit of compressing the body is to reduce the size of the SIP message, increasing the chances to stay under MTU for UDP packets. From observation, the compressed body is in between 50% to 67% smaller than the original size (e.g., a body of 431 bytes was compressed to 230).

A use case can be when having peering traffic between two Kamailio servers. Before relaying to the other Kamailio, use in config file: append_hf("Content-Encoding: deflate\r\n").

2. Dependencies

2.1. Kamailio Modules

The following modules must be loaded before this module:

  • none.

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

The following libraries or applications must be installed before running Kamailio with this module loaded:

  • zlib compression library (http://zlib.net).

3. Parameters

3.1. header_name (str)

Name of the header that indicates compression or decompression has to be done.

Default value is "Content-Encoding".

Example 1.1. Set header_name parameter

modparam("gzcompress", "header_name", "Encoded")

3.2. header_value (str)

Value of the header that indicates compression or decompression has to be done.

Default value is "deflate".

Example 1.2. Set header_value parameter

modparam("gzcompress", "header_value", "gzip")

3.3. sanity_checks (integer)

If set to 1, gzcompress module will bind to sanity module in order to perform sanity checks over received SIP request. Default sanity checks are done. It is useful to check if received request is well formatted before proceeding to encoding/decoding.

Default value is 0 (do not bind to sanity module).

Example 1.3. Set sanity_checks parameter

modparam("gzcompress", "sanity_checks", 1)

4. Functions


5. Config File

Next example shows how to enable compression for forwarded requests, as well as replying with compressed body for HTTP requests. For SIP, the request is received and forwarded to itself once, just for the sake of showing a simple example.

Example 1.4. Enable body compression








loadmodule "sl.so"
loadmodule "pv.so"
loadmodule "xlog.so"
loadmodule "corex.so"
loadmodule "textops.so"
loadmodule "xhttp.so"
loadmodule "gzcompress.so"

modparam("gzcompress", "header_value", "deflate")

request_route {
	xlog("received sip request from $si:$sp\r\n");

	if(src_port==5060) {
		$du = "sip:";
	} else {
		append_hf("Content-Encoding: deflate\r\n");
		$du = "sip:";

event_route[xhttp:request] {
	xlog("received http request from $si:$sp\r\n");
	append_to_reply("Content-Encoding: deflate\r\n");
    xhttp_reply("200", "OK", "text/html",
        "<html><body>OK - [$si:$sp]</body></html>");