Resource List Server

Anca-Maria Vamanu

Voice Sistem SRL

Edited by

Anca-Maria Vamanu

Table of Contents

1. Admin Guide
1. Overview
2. Dependencies
2.1. Kamailio Modules
2.2. External Libraries or Applications
3. Parameters
3.1. db_url(str)
3.2. rlpres_db_url(str)
3.3. xcap_db_url(str)
3.4. db_mode(int)
3.5. xcap_table(str)
3.6. rlsubs_table(str)
3.7. rlpres_table(str)
3.8. clean_period (int)
3.9. rlpres_clean_period (int)
3.10. waitn_time (int)
3.11. notifier_poll_rate (int)
3.12. notifier_processes (int)
3.13. max_expires (int)
3.14. expires_offset (int)
3.15. hash_size (int)
3.16. xcap_root (str)
3.17. integrated_xcap_server (int)
3.18. to_presence_code (int)
3.19. rls_event (str)
3.20. outbound_proxy (str)
3.21. server_address (str)
3.22. max_notify_body_length (int)
3.23. reload_db_subs (integer)
3.24. fetch_rows (integer)
3.25. disable_remote_presence (integer)
3.26. max_backend_subs (integer)
4. Functions
4.1. rls_handle_subscribe([watcher_uri])
4.2. rls_handle_notify()
4.3. rls_update_subs(uri, event)
5. RPC Commands
5.1. rls.cleanup
5.2. rls.update_subs
6. Installation
2. Developer Guide

List of Examples

1.1. Set db_url parameter
1.2. Set rlpres_db_url parameter
1.3. Set xcap_db_url parameter
1.4. Set db_mode parameter
1.5. Set xcap_table parameter
1.6. Set rlsubs_table parameter
1.7. Set rlpres_table parameter
1.8. Set clean_period parameter
1.9. Set rlpres_clean_period parameter
1.10. Set waitn_time parameter
1.11. Set notifier_poll_rate parameter
1.12. Set notifier_processes parameter
1.13. Set max_expires parameter
1.14. Set expires_offset parameter
1.15. Set hash_size parameter
1.16. Set hash_size parameter
1.17. Set integrated_xcap_server parameter
1.18. Set to_presence_code parameter
1.19. Set rls_event parameter
1.20. Set outbound_proxy parameter
1.21. Set server_address parameter
1.22. Set max_notify_body_length parameter
1.23. Set reload_db_subs parameter
1.24. Set fetch_rows parameter
1.25. Set disable_remote_presence parameter
1.26. Set max_backend_subs parameter
1.27. rls_handle_subscribe usage
1.28. rls_handle_notify usage
1.29. rls_update_subs usage

Chapter 1. Admin Guide

1. Overview

The module is a Resource List Server implementation following the specification in RFC 4662 and RFC 4826.

The server is independent from local presence servers, retrieving presence information with Subscribe-Notify messages.

The module uses the presence module as a library, as it requires a resembling mechanism for handling Subscribe. Therefore, in case the local presence server is not collocated on the same machine with the RL server, the presence module should be loaded in a library mode only (see doc for presence module).

It handles subscription to lists in an event independent way. The default event is presence, but if some other events are to be handled by the server, they should be added using the module parameter "rls_events".

It works with XCAP server for storage. There is also the possibility to configure it to work in an integrated_xcap server mode, when it only queries database for the resource lists documents. This is useful in a small architecture when all the clients use an integrated server and there are no references to exterior documents in their lists.

The same as presence module, it has a caching mode with periodical update in database for subscribe information. The information retrieved with Notify messages is stored in database only.

2. Dependencies

2.1. Kamailio Modules

The following modules must be loaded before this module:

  • a database module.

  • sl.

  • tm.

  • presence- in a library mode.

  • pua.

2.2. External Libraries or Applications

  • libxml.

3. Parameters

3.1. db_url(str)

The database url.

Default value is mysql://kamailio:kamailiorw@localhost/kamailio.

Example 1.1. Set db_url parameter

modparam("rls", "db_url", "dbdriver://username:password@dbhost/dbname")

3.2. rlpres_db_url(str)

The rlpres (rls_presentity table) database url. This parameter only needs to be specified if the rls_watchers table and rls_presentity tables are in different databases. rls_presentity is used to cache the bodies of back-end NOTIFY requests until an RLS NOTIFY can be sent. On a multi-server system having a single cache for all active servers can cause issues if both servers try to send RLS NOTIFY requests at the same time. This parameter enables each server to have its own (possibly local) rls_presentity table.

Default value is a mirror of the db_url setting.

Example 1.2. Set rlpres_db_url parameter

modparam("rls", "rlpres_db_url", "dbdriver://username:password@dbhost/dbname")

3.3. xcap_db_url(str)

The xcap database url. This parameter only needs to be specified if the rls db and integrated xcap server db have different urls.

Default value is a mirror of the db_url setting.

Example 1.3. Set xcap_db_url parameter

modparam("rls", "xcap_db_url", "dbdriver://username:password@dbhost/dbname")

3.4. db_mode(int)

The module supports 2 modes of operation, high speed memory based storage (mode 0), and database only (mode 2) where all data is stored in a database, allowing scalability at the expense of speed. Mode 1 is reserved.

Default value is 0

Example 1.4. Set db_mode parameter

modparam("rls", "db_mode", 2)

3.5. xcap_table(str)

The name of the xcap table in which the integrated server or the xcap_client module writes. If integrated_xcap_server parameter not set, the name of the table must be the same as the one set for the xcap_client module.

Default value is xcap.

Example 1.5. Set xcap_table parameter

modparam("rls", "xcap_table", "xcaps");

3.6. rlsubs_table(str)

The name of the db table where resource lists subscription information is stored.

Default value is rls_watchers.

Example 1.6. Set rlsubs_table parameter

modparam("rls", "rlsubs_table", "rls_subscriptions")

3.7. rlpres_table(str)

The name of the db table where notified event specific information is stored.

Default value is rls_presentity.

Example 1.7. Set rlpres_table parameter

modparam("rls", "rlpres_table", "rls_notify")

3.8. clean_period (int)

The period at which to check for expired information. 0 means do not check.

Default value is 100.

Example 1.8. Set clean_period parameter

modparam("rls", "clean_period", 100)

3.9. rlpres_clean_period (int)

The period at which to check for expired rls_presentity information. -1 means do not use (clean_period) is used instead. 0 means do not check. This option can be used when you want to check rls_presentity and rls_watchers on different timeouts. This is useful when they are in different databases.

Default value is -1.

Example 1.9. Set rlpres_clean_period parameter

modparam("rls", "rlpres_clean_period", 100)

3.10. waitn_time (int)

The maximum time period that RLS NOTIFY requests will be buffered for. The server will attempt to send NOTIFY requests with the updated presence state of the subscribed list or watcher information within this many seconds of a change occurring.

Default value is 5.

Example 1.10. Set waitn_time parameter

modparam("rls", "waitn_time", 10)

3.11. notifier_poll_rate (int)

The number of times per second that the notifier processes should check for work. Approximately 1/(waitn_time * notifier_poll_rate * notifier_processes) of the pending updates will be sent each time a notifier process runs.

Separate notifier processes are only run when db_mode is 2 (DB only mode).

Default value is 10.

Example 1.11. Set notifier_poll_rate parameter

modparam("rls", "notifier_poll_rate", 20)

3.12. notifier_processes (int)

The number of notifier processes that should be started.

Separate notifier processes are only run when db_mode is 2 (DB only mode).

Default value is 1.

Example 1.12. Set notifier_processes parameter

modparam("rls", "notifier_processes", 2)

3.13. max_expires (int)

The maximum accepted expires for a subscription to a list.

Default value is 7200.

Example 1.13. Set max_expires parameter

modparam("rls", "max_expires", 10800)

3.14. expires_offset (int)

This parameter only has an effect when the db_mode is DB_ONLY (mode 2). When expired subscribers are checked for deletion from the database, those that have a value in the expires column which is less than current_time - expires_offset are matched. Hence when an offset of zero is used, all those that expire prior the current time will be deleted. If an offset of 't' is used, only those that expired more than t seconds ago are deleted from the database. Negative offsets are treated as though an offset of zero was specified.

Default value is 0.

Example 1.14. Set expires_offset parameter

modparam("rls", "expires_offset", 0)

3.15. hash_size (int)

The dimension of the hash table used to store subscription to a list. This parameter will be used as the power of 2 when computing table size.

Default value is 9 (512).

Example 1.15. Set hash_size parameter

modparam("rls", "hash_size", 11)

3.16. xcap_root (str)

The address of the xcap server.

Default value is NULL.

Example 1.16. Set hash_size parameter

modparam("rls", "xcap_root", "")

3.17. integrated_xcap_server (int)

This parameter should be set if only integrated xcap servers are used to store resource lists.

Default value is 0.

Example 1.17. Set integrated_xcap_server parameter

modparam("rls", "integrated_xcap_server", 1)

3.18. to_presence_code (int)

The code to be returned by rls_handle_subscribe function if the processed Subscribe is not a resource list Subscribe. This code can be used in an architecture with presence and rls servers collocated on the same machine, to call handle_subscribe on the message causing this code.

Default value is 0.

Example 1.18. Set to_presence_code parameter

modparam("rls", "to_presence_code", 10)

3.19. rls_event (str)

The default event that RLS handles is presence. If some other events should also be handled by RLS they should be added using this parameter. It can be set more than once.

Default value is "presence".

Example 1.19. Set rls_event parameter

modparam("rls", "rls_event", "dialog;sla")

3.20. outbound_proxy (str)

The SIP address where to send RLS subscriptions (outbound proxy address as SIP URI).

Default value is NULL.

Example 1.20. Set outbound_proxy parameter

modparam("rls", "outbound_proxy", "")

3.21. server_address (str)

The address of the server that will be used as a contact in sent Subscribe requests and 200 OK replies for Subscribe requests for RLS. It is a mandatory parameter.

Example 1.21. Set server_address parameter

modparam("rls", "server_address", "sip:rls@ip.address.ofyour.proxy:5060")

3.22. max_notify_body_length (int)

The maximum size that the body of a NOTIFY message may be. If set to 0 (the default), no size limit is applied. Note that this refers only to the body, not the complete NOTIFY message.

Example 1.22. Set max_notify_body_length parameter

modparam("rls", "max_notify_body_length", 32000)

3.23. reload_db_subs (integer)

Reload subscriptions on module initialization (requires db_mode 0 (memory only mode)).

Default value is 0 (do not load rows from db).

Example 1.23. Set reload_db_subs parameter

modparam("rls", "reload_db_subs", 1)

3.24. fetch_rows (integer)

Number of rows to be loaded in one step from database.

Default value is 500.

Example 1.24. Set fetch_rows parameter

modparam("rls", "fetch_rows", 1000)

3.25. disable_remote_presence (integer)

When set to a non-zero value RLS will not perform back-end SUBSCRIBEs to non-local presentities. When people have large contact lists RLS will make lots of back-end subscriptions for each local subscriber. This can be a lot of traffic, and if the contact lists contain non-local (as in not on this Kamailio server or cluster) contacts this can result in a lot of Internet traffic. Setting this option to a non-zero value prevents RLS from performing back-end SUBSCRIBEs for remote presentities.

Default value is 0

Example 1.25. Set disable_remote_presence parameter

modparam("rls", "disable_remote_presence", 1)

3.26. max_backend_subs (integer)

When set to a non-zero value RLS will limit the number of back-end SUBSCRIBEs for each RLS SUBSCRIBE to this value. Leaving this at the default of zero means no limit. When people have large contact lists RLS will make lots of back-end subscriptions. This can easily overload a system. This option allows you to limit the number of back-end SUBSCRIBEs to help prevent overload.

Default value is 0

Example 1.26. Set max_backend_subs parameter

modparam("rls", "max_backend_subs", 30)

4. Functions

4.1.  rls_handle_subscribe([watcher_uri])

This function detects if a Subscribe message should be handled by RLS. If not it replies with the configured to_presence_code. If it is, it extracts the dialog info and sends aggregate Notify requests with information for the list.

By default this function uses the From: URI from the SUBSCRIBE request as the Watcher URI. The optional watcher_uri parameter can be used to specify a different Watcher URI, possibly taken from a SIP header like P-Asserted-Identity:.

This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE.

Example 1.27. rls_handle_subscribe usage

For presence and rls on the same machine:
	modparam("rls", "to_presence_code", 10)

		$var(ret_code)= rls_handle_subscribe();

		if($var(ret_code)== 10)


For rls only:


4.2.  rls_handle_notify()

Handle NOTIFY requests.

This function can be used from REQUEST_ROUTE.

Example 1.28. rls_handle_notify usage


4.3.  rls_update_subs(uri, event)

This function can be used in configuration to trigger updates to resource list subscriptions (for example, after the contents of a resource list has changes).


  • uri - the uri of the user who made the change and whose resource list subscriptions should be updated

  • event - the event package (e.g. presence).

This function can be used from ANY_ROUTE.

Example 1.29. rls_update_subs usage

Within event_route[xhttp:request]:
	case "PUT":
		xcaps_put("$var(uri)", "$var(doc_uri)", "$rb");
		if($xcapuri(u=>auid)=~"pres-rules") {
			pres_update_watchers("$var(uri)", "presence");
			pres_refresh_watchers("$var(uri)", "presence", 1);
		} else if ($xcapuri(u=>auid)=~"resource-lists"
			   || $xcapuri(u=>auid)=~"rls-services") {
			rls_update_subs("$var(uri)", "presence");

5. RPC Commands

5.1. rls.cleanup

Manually triggers the cleanup functions for the rls_watchers and rls_presentity tables. Useful if you have set clean_period to zero or less.

Name: rls.cleanup

Parameters: none

RPC Command Format:

kamcmd rls.cleanup

5.2. rls.update_subs

Manually triggers updates to resource list subscriptions (for example, after the contents of a resource list has changes).

Name: rls.cleanup


  • uri - the uri of the user who made the change and whose resource list subscriptions should be updated

  • event - the event package (e.g. presence).

RPC Command Format:

kamcmd rls.update_subs presence

6. Installation

The module requires 2 tables in Kamailio database: rls_presentity and rls_watchers. The SQL syntax to create them can be found in rls-create.sql script in the database directories in the kamailio/scripts folder. You can also find the complete database documentation on the project webpage,

Chapter 2. Developer Guide

The module provides no functions to be used in other Kamailio modules.